Saturday, April 24, 2010

Spring Pond Retreat...always was, always will be

UPDATE:   The Lore of History has more to uncover.  
Increase Mather and Cotton Mather retreated here to drink the healing waters.
Increase Mather wrote about his experiences in his diaries, and Cotton published his father's experience in one of his 450+ books.   The USS Naval Destroyer was named after Benjamin Crowninshield (A historic landowner and Congressman 4x, Secretary of the Navy and Senator).   Mr. Fay filled the estate with imported trees and plantings from Europe.  It was believed the first Tulips in the United States were found on the Estate.  For more history see:  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spring_Pond  (There is more history to be added to the wiki article.)


.............. Original Post Below...............
Spring Pond has always been a retreat to the fortunate who knew the area, all the way through history.  Famous historic writers: Alonzo Lewis and Samuel W. Cole,  wrote about the breathtaking presence these areas have.   I knew there was significant history to uncover and protect, so here is all I found for now...
"I never witnessed any growth that awakened my admiration more. Not withstanding the injuries sustained by fires, and other wanton encroachments, the whole region about the beautiful sheet of water long known as Spring Pond, whose waters supply the city of Salem with elixer of life, is made beautiful by their verdure"   by Samuel W. Cole, writer, historian, educator


"The Lynn Mineral Spring is a place of agreeable resort at all seasons of the year. It is a highly picturesque and romantic spot, by the side of an extensive pond, or lake, surrounded by hills and wild woodlands. The first white man who selected this delightful retreat for his residence, was Caspar Van Crawninshield, Esq., a gentleman from Germany, ancestor of the respectable family, of Crowninshields, of Boston. He built a cottage here about the year 1690, and several of the old apple-trees, planted by him, are still standing in the garden. A neat and commodious hotel is open here for the accommodation of boarders and visitors, kept by Mr. Otis King."  by Alonzo Lewis, famous Historian, Poet, Writer, Teacher, Reporter, Surveyor


Spring Pond named from Mineral SpringMineral Pond, rests in the corners of three cities of LynnPeabody and Salem, Massachusetts.  In the center of these townships, as quoted "is a beautiful pond".   It is a secluded lake known to the nearby residents of these three cities and the visitors who come for retreat to enjoy the camps, trails and natural environment of these woods.  As stated: "It is in fact one of the most picturesque and romantic lakelets in Massachusetts."  Stretching from Spring Pond to Marblerough Road in Salem, the pond and woods of nature form a little world of beauty all by itself. On the edge of Spring Pond was once the home of the Fay Farm, an English manor estate in New England. The mansion of Fay Farm was once a watering place hotel in 1810, where the springs of these areas were once recognized as possessing valuable medicinal qualities. People visited the springs by Spring Pond to restore health, and worship the goddess Hygeia (Gr. word for Health) and drink from the rusty iron-rich water that trickled from the foot of a bank. The hotel was later transformed into a private residence when "Classical" worship fell.  The waters of Spring Pond are conveyed from living springs which lay below Spring pond and its surrounding areas, through Danvers, Lynn and Salem.   Spring Pond is one of the Massachusetts Great Ponds.  There are 4 historic homes still standing in the Fay Estate today.










Books

  • Quest for Survival: An appreciation of Local Wildflowers, Lynn, Salem & Peabody Massachusetts, by Leslie Courtemanche of Lynn, Massachusetts, an Author of Nature for Spring Pond[12], Photographer and Conservationist[13][14][15][16]
  • Heritage and Habitat Lost: A Collection of Thoughts and Photographs of the Spring Pond, Area of Lynn, Salem and Peabody, Massachusetts, by Leslie Courtemanche of Lynn, Massachusetts, an Author of Nature for Spring Pond, Photographer and Conservationist[17][18][19]
  • The Register of the Lynn Historical Society, Volumes 16-18, by Lynn Historical Society, Lynn Massachusetts[20]
  • Country Arts in Early American Homes, by Nina Fletcher Little[21]
  • History of Lynn, Essex County: Massachusetts including Lynnfield ..., Volume 1, by Alonzo Lewis, and James Robinson Newhall[22]
  • The History of Salem, Massachusetts, Volume 1, by Sidney Perley[23]
  • History of Essex County, Massachusetts: with ..., Volume 1, Issue 1, by Duane Hamilton Hurd[24]
  • History of Essex County, Massachusetts: with ..., Volume 2, Part 1, by Duane Hamilton Hurd[25]
  • Collections of the Massachusetts Historical Society, by Massachusetts Historical Society[26]
  • Collectections of the Massachusetts Historical Society for the Year 1799‎[27]
  • Bulletin of the Essex County Ornithological Club of Massachusetts, Volumes 1-6, by Essex County Ornithological Club of Massachusett[28]
  • Massachusetts Wildlife, by Massachusetts. Division of Fisheries and Game, Massachusetts. Division of Fisheries and Wildlife[29]
  • The Flora of Essex County, Massachusetts, by John Robinson[30]
  • The Diary of William Bentley D.D., Pastor of the East Church, Salem, by William Bentley, Joseph Gilbert Waters, Marguerite Dalrymple, Alice G. Waters, Essex Institute[31]
  • The Physical Geography, Geology, Mineralogy and Paleontology of Essex County[32]
  • The Peabody Story: Events in Peabody's History, 1626-1972, by John Andrew Wells[33]
  • The New England Historical and Genealogical Rgister, Volume 56, by Henry Fitz-Gilbert Waters, New England Historic Genealogical Society[34]
  • The Fifth Half Century of the Landing of John Endicott at Salem, Massachusetts, by Essex Institute[35]
  • Historical Collections of the Essex institute, by Salem Mass, Essex inst[36]
  • Rhodora, Volume 4, by Benjamin Lincoln Robinson, Merritt Lyndon Fernald, [37]A book about the plants of the Mineral-Spring Pond area
  • The Diary and Letters of Benjamin Pickman (1740-1819) of Salem, Massachusetts, by Benjamin Pickman[38]
  • The New England Farmer, Volume 10, by Samuel W. Cole[39]










Notable and Historic Residents, Visitors and Heritage

  • The Fay Estate, owned by Richard S. Fay, Esq., the eminent agriculturist, merchant and manufacturer. The Fay Estate originalally was 500 acres. On its northwestern boundary is Spring Pond, which is part of the town of Peabody’s water supply. [40][41]
  • Caspar Van Cawninshield, Esq., a gentleman from Germany, Ancestor of the respectable family, of Crowninshields, of Boston.[42]
  • Benjamin Willams Crowninshield, son of George and Mary (Derby) Crowninshield[43]
  • William Bentley: 1803-1810 [44]
  • Elizabeth, daughter of Jacob and Elizabeth (Clifford) Allen of Salem, Ma
  • "Lo" an American Indian who died on the lands where the Fay mansion once stood, at the slaying by one John "Flyntre". It was the first and only Indian slaughter to pious ancestrial thought.[45]
  • Elias Trask (Captain John, William Traske), born in Salem in 1679, of Trask's farm adjoining Spring Pond and Long Pond[46]










Recreation

  • Recreation in and about Boston: a handbook of opportunities, by Prospect Union Association, Cambridge, Mass [11]










Drinking Water

  • Journal of the Boston Society of Civil Engineers, Volume 3, said "In 1851 a 12-in main 16,00 ft. in length was constructed to bring water by gravity from Spring Pond in Peabody, one of the present sources of supply of that town. This pond is about 40 ft. above the central portion of Salem.[47]



 Through the deciduous trees, here is a view of the Spring Pond woods.


Here is a photo from Highland Avenue, of the rocky hills of these woods... which the developments of Lowes and Super Wal-Mart wish to destroy.    The sun was beaming down on the day I took the photograph, as if the heavens where shining on the land we stand to protect.


This will be known as a HISTORIC CRIME if these wooded areas and hills around Spring Pond are destroyed.   Not only for the sake of the environment and heritage of our own neighborhoods, but these irreplaceable retreats of limited resources within the center of three communities, are significantly historical and important to this day.




writing letters of concern to:
Historical Commission of Salem:   Jane A. Guy  jguy@salem.com
Historical Commission of Massachusetts:  mhc@sec.state.ma.us


Letter of Concern


For more info see side column link:  Conserve the woods of Salem, by Spring Pond
  

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